Woolly aphids

Description of woolly aphids

Woolly aphids live on several different trees and shrubs.  The name describes what is peculiar about this group: The body of the aphid is covered with a white fluffy wax that resembles wool.  In late summer you may notice colonies of woolly aphids clustered on the twigs and shoots of hawthorn and crabapple trees.  Infestations are sporadic and vary from trees to tree, variety to variety and place to place.

Damage caused by woolly aphids

Woolly aphids on hawthorn and crabapples feed on sap from the plant but are more alarming than damaging, especially late in the season.  Earlier in the season there were woolly aphids of another species on the leaves and shoots of maple trees.   In most cases the sap loss from aphid feeding is not significant to the plant and control is not practical.  In some cases infested leaves may droop or shrivel and drop prematurely. This does not reduce the vigor of healthy trees.

Management of woolly aphids

Parasites, predators and even heavy rainfall will help reduce the populations.  If you believe the natural population controls need your help you can use a forceful stream of water from the garden hose to dislodge the aphids or prune and remove selected, heavily infested stems and water sprouts.  Spraying with home garden insecticide is rarely justified, but can be done when the aphid population is increasing or the plant is under other stresses.

Do you live in Iowa and have an insect you would like identified?

The Iowa State University Plant & Insect Diagnostic Clinic will identify your insect, provide information on what it eats, life cycle, and if it is a pest the best ways to manage them.  Please see our website for current forms, fees, and instructions on preserving and mailing insects.   

Contact information for each states diagnostic laboratory for U.S. residents.  If you live outside of Iowa please do not submit a sample without contacting the Plant & Insect Diagnostic Clinic


Last reviewed:
September 2021

Links to this article are strongly encouraged, and this article may be republished without further permission if published as written and if credit is given to the author, Yard and Garden, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. If this article is to be used in any other manner, permission from the author is required. This article was originally published on September 13, 2016. The information contained within may not be the most current and accurate depending on when it is accessed.