Managing Weeds in Landscapes, Gardens, and Lawns

Every garden has weeds and dealing with these unwanted plants is an ongoing task in any landscape. Control of weeds is important. Weeds are strong competitors for available water, nutrients, and sunlight. Reduced air circulation created by tall weeds encourages the development and spread of foliage diseases and a weedy garden often has more insect problems. While a completely weed-free garden is not attainable, reducing weeds is beneficial. 

Weed management requires persistence throughout the entire growing season removing weeds when they appear and preventing them from getting large, flowering, or setting seed. 

Management Techniques  |  Management of Weeds Types  |  Management by Garden Area  Management of Specific Species  |  More Information

Weed Management Techniques

There are many different techniques for weed management and effective control often comes from using a combination of different techniques.

Digging Hand Pulling Cultivation Photo by gabort AdobeStockCultural Practices  Photo by FotoHelin AdobeStockMulching Garden Beds and Landscapes Photo by ronstik AdobeStockMulching Vegetable Gardens Photo by bepsphoto AdobeStockMowing and Trimming Photo by Petra AdobeStockOrganic Weed Control Options Photo by dean AdobeStockBoiling Water Photo by Olha AdobeStockFlame Weeding Photo by Floki AdobeStockPre Emergence Herbicides Photo by Christian Delbert AdobeStockHerbicides Garden Beds and Landscapes Photo by Aaron SteilHerbicides Vegetable Gardens Photo by Aaron SteilBroadleaf Herbicides in Lawns Photo by Aaron Steil




Managing Specific Types of Weeds

Weeds can be divided into several major groups. Some species can be classified in one or more of these groups, and others cannot be classified in any of these groups.  Understanding how the weed is classified will help with control as the management of weeds in each group looks similar. 

What Type of Weed Is It?

Annual Weeds Photo by Aaron SteilPerennial Broadleaf Weeds Photo by Aaron SteilPerennial Grassy Weeds Photo by Aaron SteilWoody Weeds Photo by Aaron SteilVining Weeds Photo by Aaron SteilMushrooms Photo by Aaron Steil

Managing Weeds in Specific Garden Areas

Weed management in different areas of the landscape has different considerations.  What works well in a lawn is not necessarily good for a vegetable garden or perennial border.

Vegetable Gardens Photo by Aaron SteilHome Lawns Photo by Aaron SteilGarden Beds and Landscapes Photo by Aaron Steil

Management of Select Common Lawn & Garden Weeds

Honeyvine Milkweed (Cynachum laeve) is a vining weed.
Dandelion in the lawn

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Black Medic


Creeping Charlie



Honeysuckle (Lonicera) is a woody weed
Thistle in a garden bed



Poison Ivy

White Clover

Wild Parsnip

Wild Violet

More Information

Burnweed, Erechtites hieraciifolius
Burnweed (Erechtites hieraciifolius) growing next to a rose.
Last reviewed:
April 2024