What are popular types of philodendron?


What are popular types of philodendron?


This large tropical plant genus is divided into two major types: climbing and non-climbing. 

Climbing Types

Those that climb or vine look great on a trellis, moss pole, or growing in a hanging basket.  They include heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum, also referred to as P. scandens), with popular varieties such as ‘Brasil’, ‘Areum’ and micans; fiddleleaf philodendron (P. bipennifolium, also referred to as P. panduriforme); and red-leaf philodendron (P. erubescens), with compact growing varieties like ‘Black Cardinal’ ‘Pink Princess’ and ‘Prince of Orange’. 

Dozens of other species are grown and can be found from specialty growers making this group of plants very collectable.  Other species include climbers like, Elephant’s ear philodendron (Philodendron domesticum), brandi philodendron (P. brandtianum), birdsnest philodendron (P. imbe), silver sword (P. hastatum), and velour philodendron (P. melanochrysum), among many others.

Non-Climbing Types

Non-climbing types are sometimes referred to as self-heading.  They can get quite large over time, sometimes getting twice as wide as they are tall so give them plenty of room to grow! They include tree or split-leaf philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also referred to as P. selloum and Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum) and many unique hybrids such as ‘Xanadu’, ‘Birkin’, and ‘Moonlight’.

Tree philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)
Tree philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum) can get very large.
Birkin philodendron (Philodendron 'Birkin')
The popular hybrid Birkin philodendron (Philodendron 'Birkin') has attractive leaves and a compact growth habit
heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum)
The climbing/trailing growth habit of heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum) looks good climbing a trellis or hanging from a basket.
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  • Consumer Horticulture Extension
Last updated on
March 19, 2024